Ancient History of Odisha MCQ

Odisha GK

Ancient History of Odisha MCQ ||  About Odisha ||

The name Odia originated from Odra or Udra tribes that inhabited the central coastal belt (Khurda district and Nayagarh district) of modern Odisha. Udra is the Pre-Historic name of Odisha while Odisha is the modern name of the ancient Kalinga Empire.

1. What is the pre-historic name of Odisha?

(a) Utkala

(b) Kalinga

(c) Kosala

(d) Udra

2. Which literary source mentions about Kalinga and Odra and its sacred river Baitarani and Goddess Viraja?

(a) Vayu Purana

(b) Manu Smriti

(c) The Mahabharata

(d) None of the above

3. Which literary source mentioned Odisha as Kalinganagara situated on the West of Gomti river?

(a) Brihaspati Smriti

(b) Arthasastra

(c) Ramayana

(d) Avasyaka Niryukti

4. Which among the following is a Buddhist Literary Source of Odisha’s ancient history?

(a) Kurudharma Jataka

(b) Avasyaka Niyukti

(c) Brihat Samhita

(d) Harshacharita

5. Greek historian Pliny mentions Odisha by which name?

(a) Kalinga

(b) Kosala

(c) Toshali

(d) Udra

6. Which of the following excavation site is not a part of ‘Diamond Triangle’ of Odishan archaeology?

(a) Khandagiri

(b) Udayagiri

(c) Ratnagiri

(d) Lalitgiri

7. Which of the following inscriptions, throws light on the administration of Asoka in Kalinga?

(a) Dhauli

(b) Jaugada

(c) Sundergarh

(d) Both (a) and (b)

8. The earliest coins available in Odisha are

(a) Punch-marked coins

(b) Puri Kushana coin

(c) Nala coins

(d) Gupta coins

9. Which of the following coins suggest that trade and commerce existed in Odisha?

(a) Puri-Kushana coins

(b) Nala coins

(c) Punch-marked coins

(d) Gupta coins

10. Which among the following pre historic site in Odisha belongs to Neolithic era?

(a) Baripada

(b) Barabati

(c) Udayagiri

(d) All of these

Ancient History of Odisha MCQ

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11. The capital of Kalinga according to Jain and Buddhist literature in ancient times was-

(a) Toshali

(b) Dantapur

(c) Kalinga Pattnam

(d) Kosala

12. Who were the rulers of Kalinga before the establishment of Maurya dynasty?

(a) Rashtrakutas

(b) Matharas

(c) Nandas

(d) Nalas

13. King Asoka became Buddhist after he was horrified with the tyranny of Kalinga War. It was in: 

(a) 258 BC

(b) 261 BC

(c) 200 BC

(d) 327 BC

14. What was the capital of Kalinga after its annexation with Magadha empire?

(a) Tosali

(b) Samapa

(c) Sisupalgarh

(d) Dantapura

15. Hathigumpha inscription in Udayagiri near Bhubaneswar gives information about which dynasty of ancient Odisha?

(a) Chedi dynasty

(b) Ganga dynasty

(c) Satvahana dynasty

(d) None of these

16. Which among these is not a principality of Kalinga during the Guptas?

(a) Kottura

(b) Erandapalla

(c) Kongoda

(d) Devarashtra

17. Which Mathora king declared himself as Lord of the Kalinga?

(a) Visakhavarman

(b) Shaktivarman

(c) Prabhanjanavarman

(d) Umavarman

18. Who among the following transferred his capital from Simhapura to Pishtapura?

(a) Umavarman

(b) Vishakavarman

(c) Shaktivarman

(d) None of these

19. Nala dynasty (4-5 century AD) was centered around which modern districts of Odisha?

(a) Ganjam and Gajapati

(b) Cuttack and Khordha

(c) Malkangiri and Ganjam

(d) Koraput and Kalahandi

20. The Meghas ruled over which part of Kosala?

(a) North Kosala

(b) East Kosala

(c) South Kosala

(d) West Kosala

21. After the downfall of Gupta empire, many regional kingdoms emerged in Odisha from 6-9th century AD. Which is not one among them?

(a) The Vigrahas

(b) The Mudgalas

(c) The Nagas

(d) The Mandala states

22. The territory of the Sailodbhava dynasty was known as

(a) Kalinga Dynasty

(b) Kalinga Mandala

(c) Kongoda Desh

(d) Kangoda Mandala

23. In which royal dynasty of early medieval Odisha, we find the rule of the queens?

(a) Sailodbhava dynasty

(b) Bhauma-Kara dynasty

(c) Somavamsi dynasty

(d) Satavahana dynasty

24. Which among the following Queen built the Gauri temple at Bhubaneswar?

(a) Vakula Mahadevi

(b) Gauri Mahadevi

(c) Prithvi Mahadevi

(d) None of these

25. The Bhauma-Kara dynasty in Odisha had commercial relations with which country?

(a) Egypt

(b) Ceylon

(c) Indonesia

(d) Rome

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